So as the rain poured down, a smaller storm flag that measured by feet flew in its place. It did not become the national anthem until more than a century after it was written. The national anthem has four verses.
Corbis By Cate Lineberry smithsonian.
The bombardment, known as the Battle of Baltimore, came only weeks after the British had attacked Washington, D. It was another chapter in the ongoing War of Related Content Star-Spangled Banner Back on Display A week earlier, Francis Scott Key, a year-old American lawyer, had boarded the flagship of the British fleet on the Chesapeake Bay in hopes of persuading the British to release a friend who had recently been arrested.
They allowed the Americans to return to their own vessel but continued guarding them. Under their scrutiny, Key watched on September 13 as the barrage of Fort McHenry began eight miles away.
But when darkness arrived, Key saw only red erupting in the night sky. Given the scale of the attack, he was certain the British would win. Key put his thoughts on paper while still on board the ship, setting his words to the tune of a popular English song. Nearly two centuries later, the flag that inspired Key still survives, though fragile and worn by the years.
And when the museum reopens in summerthe Star-Spangled Banner will be its centerpiece, displayed in its own state-of-the-art gallery.
With the construction of the conservation lab completed inconservators began their work. Over the next several years, they clipped 1. Finally, they added a sheer polyester backing to help support the flag.
The intent was never to make the flag look as it did when it first flew over Fort McHenry, she says. It evokes powerful emotions and ideas about what it means to be an American. Courtesy of the National Museum of American History Experts at the National Museum of American History recently completed an eight-year conservation treatment of the Star-Spangled Banner, which included removing a linen backing and cleaning the flag.
The photo above shows a detail of the flag as it looks today. Photo by Thomas Arledge, courtesy of the National Museum of American History When the National Museum of American History reopens in summerit will include a state-of-the-art gallery for the Star-Spangled Banner, as seen in this architectural rendering.
Protected by a glass wall, the banner will lie on a table, displayed according to the U. George Armistead wanted a flag large enough so the enemy would "have no difficulty in seeing it from a distance.
George Armistead commissioned Mary Pickersgill, a Baltimore flagmaker, to make a star, stripe garrison flag in that would later be celebrated as "The Star-Spangled Banner. She was a widowed woman running her own business, trying to make good in a very difficult time.
Courtesy of the National Museum of American History "It seemed as though mother earth had opened and was vomiting shot and shell in a sheet of fire and brimstone," said Francis Scott Key when describing the Battle of Baltimore.
It was made at the Boston Navy Yard on June 21, Courtesy of the National Museum of American History On the th anniversary of the Battle of Baltimore, 6, children dressed in red, white and blue formed a living flag at Fort McHenry.
Having worked on historic flags for the United States Naval Academy, Fowler had patented a method of supporting fragile flags with a linen support that required a honeycomb pattern of stitches.
George Armistead, the commander of Fort McHenry. Knowing that his fort was a likely British target, Armistead told the commander of Baltimore defenses in July that he needed a flag—a big one. A large flag, but one not unusual for the time.
They made the stars, each measuring two feet in diameter, from cotton—a luxury item at the time. On August 19,the flag was delivered to Fort McHenry. It was this storm flag—not the garrison flag now known as the Star-Spangled Banner—which actually flew during the battle.
It is she who is thought to have sewed the red upside-down "V" on the flag, beginning the stitches for the letter "A. When Louisa died inshe passed the flag down to their daughter Georgiana Armistead Appleton over the legal objections of their son.
That same year, Preble had the first known photograph of it taken at the Boston Navy Yard and exhibited it at the New England Historic Genealogical Society, where he stored it until Georgiana, herself, had given away cuttings of the flag to other Armistead descendants, as well as family friends.
She once noted, "[H]ad we given all that we have been importuned for little would be left to show. Several of these cuttings from the Star-Spangled Banner have been located over the years, including about a dozen that are owned by the American History Museum.
But a missing 15th star has never been found. It then remained in a safe-deposit vault in New York City until Appleton loaned it to the Smithsonian in Five years later, he made the gift permanent, saying he wanted it to belong "to the Institution in the country where it could be conveniently seen by the public and where it would be well cared for.
Recognizing its need for repair, the Smithsonian hired Amelia Fowler, an embroidery teacher and well-known flag preserver, in to replace the canvas backing that had been added in Having worked on historic flags for the United States Naval Academy, Fowler had patented a method of supporting fragile flags with a linen backing that required a honeycomb pattern of stitches.In November, a Baltimore music store printed the patriotic song with sheet music for the first time under the more lyrical title “The Star-Spangled Banner.” Key’s handwritten draft 5.
Features a lesson plan on the Star Spangled Banner in which students, learn that our flag is a symbol of freedom, make flags, and sing the national anthem.
So in essence, "The Star-Spangled Banner" is a patriotic poem attached to an English drinking song. And this explains a lot. For starters, the song is a whole lot easier to sing after a few Anacreontic belts. As Wright’s letter makes clear, one of the main concerns with naming “The Star-Spangled Banner” the anthem was that, with its octave-and-a-half range, it was just too hard to sing.
The Star Spangled Banner Lyrics.
By Francis Scott Key Download a printable PDF – The Star Spangled Banner lyrics Oh, say can you see by the dawn’s early light. As Wright’s letter makes clear, one of the main concerns with naming “The Star-Spangled Banner” the anthem was that, with its octave-and-a-half range, it was just too hard to sing.