See Article History Alternative Title: Henry Gwyn Jeffreys Moseley Henry Moseley, in full Henry Gwyn Jeffreys Moseley, born November 23,Weymouth, DorsetEngland—died August 10,GallipoliTurkeyEnglish physicist who experimentally demonstrated that the major properties of an element are determined by the atomic numbernot by the atomic weightand firmly established the relationship between atomic number and the charge of the atomic nucleus. His first researches were concerned with radioactivity and beta radiation in radium. He then turned to the study of the X-ray spectra of the elements.
In the chapter Of Dr. Robert was the last of four children, two boys and two girls, and there was an age difference of seven years between him and the next youngest. Robert Hooke was expected to succeed in his education and join the Church.
He was a Royalist and almost certainly a member of a group who went to pay their respects to Charles I when he escaped to the Isle of Wight.
Robert, too, grew up to be a staunch monarchist. As a youth, Robert Hooke was fascinated by observation, mechanical works, and drawing, interests that he would pursue in various ways throughout his life. He dismantled a brass clock and built a wooden replica that, by all accounts, worked "well enough", and he learned to draw, making his own materials from coal, chalk and ruddle iron ore.
Hooke was an apt student, so although he went to London to take up an apprenticeship, and studied briefly with Samuel Cowper and Peter Lelyhe was soon able to enter Westminster School in London, under Dr. It appears that Hooke was one of a group of students whom Busby educated in parallel to the main work of the school.
Contemporary accounts say he was "not much seen" in the school, and this appears to be true of others in a similar position. This was exemplified in the person of George Hooperthe Bishop of Bath and Wellswhom Busby described as "the best scholar, the finest gentleman and will make the completest bishop that ever was educated at Westminster School".
Hooke himself characterised his Oxford days as the foundation of his lifelong passion for science, and the friends he made there were of paramount importance to him throughout his career, particularly Christopher Wren. Wadham was then under the guidance of John WilkinsRobert hooke research paper had a profound impact on Hooke and those around him.
Wilkins was also a Royalist, and acutely conscious of the turmoil and uncertainty of the times. There was a sense of urgency in preserving the scientific work which they perceived as being threatened by the Protectorate.
This group went on to form the nucleus of the Royal Society. Regardless, it is clear that Hooke was a valued assistant to Boyle and the two retained a mutual high regard.
This book is now in the Wellcome Library. Royal Society The Royal Society was founded inand in April the society debated a short tract on the rising of water in slender glass pipes, in which Hooke reported that the height water rose was related to the bore of the pipe due to what is now termed capillary action.
His explanation of this phenomenon was subsequently published in Micrography Observ. On 5 NovemberSir Robert Moray proposed that a Curator be appointed to furnish the society with Experiments, and this was unanimously passed with Hooke being named.
His appointment was made on 12 November, with thanks recorded to Dr. InSir John Cutler settled an annual gratuity of fifty pounds on the Society for the founding of a Mechanick Lecture, and the Fellows appointed Hooke to this task.
Among his earliest demonstrations were discussions of the nature of air, the implosion of glass bubbles which had been sealed with comprehensive hot air, and demonstrating that the Pabulum vitae and flammae were one and the same. He also demonstrated that a dog could be kept alive with its thorax opened, provided air was pumped in and out of its lungs, and noting the difference between venous and arterial blood.
Hooke received the degree of "Doctor of Physic" in December A search by Mr. In the intervening years since no such evidence has been found, but the story persists.
For instance, in a book published in it is said that in a letter dated Hooke did suggest that Newcomen use condensing steam to drive the piston.
His reputation suffered after his death and this is popularly attributed to a dispute with Isaac Newton over credit for his work on gravitation, the planets and to a lesser degree light. Newton, as President of the Royal Society, did much to obscure Hooke, including, it is said, destroying or failing to preserve the only known portrait of the man.
After a long period of relative obscurity he has now been recognised as one of the most important scientists of his age. As curator of Experiments to the Royal Society he was responsible for demonstrating many ideas sent in to the Society, and there is evidence that he would subsequently assume some credit for these ideas.
This was a time of immense scientific progress, and numerous ideas were developed in several places simultaneously. His ideas about gravitation, and his claim of priority for the inverse square law, are outlined below.
He was granted a large number of patents for inventions and refinements in the fields of elasticity, optics, and barometry. For example, Arthur Berry said that Hooke "claimed credit for most of the scientific discoveries of the time.
She writes that "the picture which is usually painted of Hooke as a morose and envious recluse is completely false.
Robert G. Johnson received his Ph.D. from Iowa State University. After a puzzle-solving career in industrial research, he joined the Department of Geology and Geophysics at the UniverÂsity of Minnesota to work on the mystery of past climate variations. Directed by Andrew Wakefield, Vaxxed investigates the CDC whistleblower, Dr. William Thompson and how the CDC, the government agency charged with protecting the health of American citizens, destroyed data on their study that showed a link between the MMR vaccine and autism. Robert G. Johnson received his Ph.D. from Iowa State University. After a puzzle-solving career in industrial research, he joined the Department of Geology and Geophysics at the UniverÂsity of Minnesota to work on the mystery of past climate variations.
Hooke often met Christopher Wrenwith whom he shared many interests, and had a lasting friendship with John Aubrey. He took tea on many occasions with his lab assistant, Harry Hunt. Within his family, Hooke took both a niece and a cousin into his home, teaching them mathematics. He never married, but his diary records that he had sexual relations with his niece, Grace, and several of his housekeepers.
Although he had talked of leaving a generous bequest to the Royal Society which would have given his name to a library, laboratory and lectures, no will was found and the money passed to an illiterate cousin, Elizabeth Stephens.
He first described this discovery in the anagram "ceiiinosssttuv", whose solution he published in  as "Ut tensio, sic vis" meaning "As the extension, so the force. This was a method sometimes used by scientists, such as Hooke, Huygens, Galileoand others, to establish priority for a discovery without revealing details.🔥Citing and more!
Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes. “Out of sight, out of mind.”. Most of us of a certain age are familiar with “third world” nomenclature. When coined, in the ’s, the term referred to countries unaligned with either the NATO- or Soviet blocs during the Cold War.
NEW! THE GREAT ZAPRUDER FILM HOAX Edited by James H. Fetzer, Ph.D. Perhaps no greater debate has raged in the history of the study of the death of JFK than over the authenticity of a second home movie of the assassination, known as "the Zapruder film".
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Vance and K. B. Yim Born 22 Mar ; died 11 Feb at age Nathan Schellenberg Kline was an American psychiatrist who is credited with founding the field of psychopharmacology.
In , he began investigating the use of a new drug, reserpine, to treat schizophrenia. Thorsson et al. present immunogenomics analyses of more than 10, tumors, identifying six immune subtypes that encompass multiple cancer types and are hypothesized to define immune response patterns impacting prognosis.
This work provides a resource for understanding tumor-immune interactions, with implications for identifying ways to advance research .