Essay on khilafat movement

As he was a Caliph, he was supreme from the religious aspect and also was a political leader of the Sunni Muslims all over the world.

Essay on khilafat movement

Non-cooperation movement - Wikipedia

Within Turkey, a pro-Western, secular nationalist movement arose, known as the Turkish national movement. Khilafat Movement in South Asia[ edit ] Although political activities and popular outcry on behalf of the caliphate emerged across the Muslim world, the most prominent activities took place in India.

A prominent Oxford educated Muslim journalist, Maulana Muhammad Ali Johar had spent four years in prison for advocating resistance to the British and support for the caliphate.

At the onset of the Turkish war of independenceMuslim religious leaders feared for the caliphate, which the European powers were reluctant to protect. To some of the Muslims of India, the prospect of being conscripted by the British to fight against fellow Muslims in Turkey was anathema.

They aimed to build political unity amongst Muslims and use their influence to protect the caliphate. Inthey published the Khilafat Manifesto, which called upon the British to protect the caliphate and for Indian Muslims to unite and hold the British accountable for this purpose.

Congress leader Mohandas Gandhi and the Khilafat leaders promised to work and fight together for the causes of Khilafat and Swaraj.

Seeking to increase pressure on the British, the Khilafatists became a major part of the Non-cooperation movement — a nationwide campaign of mass, peaceful civil disobedience.

Essay on khilafat movement

The support of the Khilafatists helped Gandhi and the Congress ensure Hindu - Muslim unity during the struggle. Khilafat leaders such as Dr. These leaders founded the Jamia Millia Islamia in to promote independent education and social rejuvenation for Muslims. Massive protests, strikes and acts of civil disobedience spread across India.

Hindus and Muslims collectively offered resistance, which was largely peaceful.

So, the leaders of Khilafat Movement, that is, the Ali brothers joined hands with INC (Indian National Congress) for the Non-Cooperation Movement which was going to start. Khilafat Day was observed the second time on the 19 th of March, Khilafat Movement Essay The institution of the khalifa, the leader or representative of the Muslim community after the death of the prophet Muhammad, had been associated with the Turkish Ottoman Empire since the 16th century. Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts. The term can refer to diverse forms of social and political activism advocating that public and political life should be guided by Islamic principles or more specifically to movements which call for full implementation of ashio-midori.com is commonly used interchangeably with the terms political Islam or.

Gandhi, the Ali brothers and others were imprisoned by the British. Due to this Gandhiji became disturbed and very sad and called off the movement as he always believed in non-violence. However, it is also true that the immediate reason for the disposal of the committee was the much criticised embezzlement of 1.

Although holding talks with the British and continuing their activities, the Khilafat struggle weakened as Muslims were divided between working for the Congress, the Khilafat cause and the Muslim League.

1 customer review

He abolished the role of Caliph and sought no help from Indians. Leaders such as Dr. The Ali brothers joined Muslim League. Legacy[ edit ] The Khilafat struggle evokes controversy and strong opinions. By critics, it is regarded as a political agitation based on a pan-Islamist, fundamentalist platform and being largely indifferent to the cause of Indian independence.

Dayatics of the Khilafat see its alliance with the Congress as a marriage of convenience.Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts. The term can refer to diverse forms of social and political activism advocating that public and political life should be guided by Islamic principles or more specifically to movements which call for full implementation of ashio-midori.com is commonly used interchangeably with the terms political Islam or.

Below is an essay on "Khilafat Movement" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. World War 1 had ended with the defeat of Germany. Turkey was also defeated as it sided with Germany. Khilafat Movement Essay The Khilafat movement () was a pan-Islamic, political campaign launched by Muslims in British India to influence the British government and to protect the Ottoman Empire during the aftermath of World War I.

The Khilafat movement was an agitation by Indian Muslims, allied with Indian nationalists, to pressure the British government to preserve the authority of the Ottoman Sultan as Caliph of Islam after World War I.

Khilafat Movement Essay The institution of the khalifa, the leader or representative of the Muslim community after the death of the prophet Muhammad, had been associated with the Turkish Ottoman Empire since the 16th century.

Essay on khilafat movement

Essay on Khilafat Movement Hence the Muslims started the Khilafat movement in India for the resumption of Khalifa's position. A Khilafat Committee was formed under the leadership of Mahammad Ali, Shaukat Ali, Maulana Azad and Hasrat Mohini to organise a country-wide agitation.

Research Papers Examples: Khilafat Movement