History[ edit ] The earliest documentation of critical thinking are the teachings of Socrates recorded by Plato. Socrates established the fact that one cannot depend upon those in "authority" to have sound knowledge and insight. He demonstrated that persons may have power and high position and yet be deeply confused and irrational. He established the importance of asking deep questions that probe profoundly into thinking before we accept ideas as worthy of belief.
Although this approach is commonly applied in other subfields of psychology, educational psychology—which is the study of human learning, thinking, and behavior in formal and informal educational contexts—has resisted a comprehensive critical appraisal.
In Critical Educational Psychology, Stephen Vassallo seeks to correct this deficit by demonstrating how the psychology of learning is neither neutral nor value-free but rather bound by a host of contextual issues and assumptions.
Vassallo invites teachers and teacher educators, educational researchers, and educational psychologists to think broadly about the implications that their use of psychology has on the teaching and learning process. He applies a wide variety of interdisciplinary approaches to examine the psychology of learning, cognitive development, motivation, creativity, discipline, and attention.
Drawing on multiple perspectives within psychology and critical theory, he reveals that contemporary educational psychology is entangled in and underpinned by specific political, ideological, historical, and cultural contexts.
A valuable resource for anyone who relies on psychology to interact with, assess, and deliberate over others, especially school-aged children, Critical Educational Psychology resists neatly Critical thinking educational psychology theories, models, and perspectives that are intended to bring some basis and certainty to pedagogical decision-making.
Stephen Vassallo is an associate professor of education at American University.
He is the author of Self-Regulated Learning: An Application of Critical Educational Psychology. It adeptly shows how psychology can be reconsidered to advance teaching and learning. A vital contribution to the field of educational psychology.
How Psychology Transformed Students "Stephen Vassallo brings together several important critical directions in contemporary thought and weaves these into a coherent framework for analyzing educational practice beyond the narrow confines of what a successful, achieving student can be in our neoliberal era of performance management.
The book asks new questions about the ways teachers support students in learning, thinking, being motivated, developing and paying attention. It also asks new questions about ways educators can engage critically with the relentless effort of measuring, assessing and managing students.
Critical Educational Psychology exhibits an impressive grasp of the field of educational psychology while at the same time putting it into a larger context of changing views and goals of education across time. This gives educators, administrators, and policy-makers the tools needed to use psychological approaches with discernment, beyond a cookbook approach towards creative, collaborative, and ethically engaged teaching practice.
Seeing the way larger discourses in the economy and social life affect education provides much-needed inspiration about the possibilities of transformation in a time of global social upheaval.
It offers students and practitioners not only a scholarly and clear analysis but also ways of applying those critical arguments as tools to change practice. This book is a rare and important contribution.
Written in an engaging and accessible style, the author casts a critical eye over a standard fare of topics in contemporary educational psychology—self-regulated learning, motivation, attention, higher order thinking, critical thinking, problem solving, creativity, developmentally appropriate practice, classroom management, and assessment.
But make no mistake. The book will be a fascinating read and of great value to those seeking a more sophisticated critical understanding of the discipline of educational psychology, the ideas it is popularizing, their effects and consequences, and the aspirations of its practitioners.
Students, teachers, and administrators should all discuss the questions Vassallo raises.Critical thinking is an important issue in education today The movement to the information age has focused attention on good thinking as an important element of life success (Huitt, ; Thomas & Smoot, ).
The theme of this blog is critical thinking—and the kinds of puzzles that can be constructed around it. This term is used frequently in psychology and ashio-midori.com are various definitions. Critical thinking includes identification of prejudice, bias, propaganda, self-deception, distortion, misinformation, etc.
Given research in cognitive psychology, some educators believe that schools should focus on teaching their students critical thinking skills and cultivation of intellectual traits.
Dec 23, · The first textbook of its kind, Critical Educational Psychology is a forward-thinking approach to educational psychology that uses critical perspectives to challenge current ways of thinking and improve ashio-midori.com: Paperback.
Creative thinking Creativity is the ability to make or do something new that is also useful or valued by others (Gardner, ).
The “something” can be an object (like an essay or painting), a skill (like playing an instrument), or an action (like using a familiar tool in a new way). Those interested in a more recent conceptualization of critical thinking are referred to Facione a, which is a short introduction to the field of critical thinking that would be appropriate for those new to the field, or Facione , which summarizes a collaborative definition of critical thinking among philosophers using the Delphi method.