Strain Theory Essay Strain Theory Essay Strain theory states that the experience of strains or stressors increases the likelihood of crime. Strains refer to events and conditions that are disliked by individuals.
Also the general strain theory also states that strain leads to delinquency. Strain is a result of failure to succeed at the goals set by society.
Success is based upon fame and wealth, when individuals failed to achieve certain goals they experienced strain, which can lead to frustration and depression.
People often compare themselves to friends or peers who make more money and have larger houses. Known as disjunction of expectations and achievements people often get stressed out when they see others with nicer things even if they are well off.
The loss or removal of positively valued stimuli such as loss of a girlfriend or death of a close family member can result in strain. Also the presentation of negative stimuli produces strain in people.
|Essay Example On Merton and Agnew Strain Theory For College Students||Also the general strain theory also states that strain leads to delinquency.|
|Who writes this||Agnew categorizes 3 types of strain that produce deviance:|
Negative or noxious stimuli include child abuse, neglect, physical punishment, and school failure can all lead to strain Siegel, According to the general strain theory, strain can often cause negative emotions such as anger, depression, and frustration.
When anger is the result of strain, deviant responses including retaliatory, instrumental, or escapist behavior are more probable Capowich et al. However it is important to note that Agnew's strain theory allows for other responses to strain that are not criminal or deviant. The general strain theory states that the response to strain is dependent on the nature, intensity and the duration of the strain.
The theory also went on to say that each individual has several mechanisms for coping with strain at their disposal. Many people respond to strain in non-deviant ways at first but after these methods fail, they adopt illegitimate coping strategies Broidy, Overall the general strain predicts that prolonged exposure to strain will produce adverse effects in individuals.
Several historical developments in criminology led to the creation of the general strain theory by Agnew. In Merton developed the anomie theory that stated that a shortage of legitimate means to achieve goals set by society encouraged the use of illegitimate means or individuals lowered their goals Teevan et al.
The origins of Merton's theory can be traced back to Emile Durkheim's theories of anomie. Anomie is from the Greek word a nomos that means without norms Siegal, When a society is devoid of social norms, society is unable to control humans and their means of obtaining goals. Cohen's theory in stated that an inability to do well in school lead to delinquency or rebellion.
This failure in school was often due to insufficient means of the student. Bloch and Niederhoffer's proposed delinquency was a reflection of boys' needs to show their masculinity and maturity in a society that labels them as children.
Also Lemert theorized that punishment and isolation of delinquents results in fewer options that created more delinquency. There was also an opposing theory that said punishment reduced delinquency.
Agnew used all of these theories and combined them when he developed is General Strain Theory in Teevan et al. Also considered in his theory, Agnew looked at the relative deprivation theory that stated that lower class people in run-down neighborhoods feel deprived when they see other wealthier neighborhoods and wealthy people.Building on the foundation of general strain theory: Specifying the types of strain most likely to lead to crime and delinquency.
Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 38, – Agnew, R. (). Overview General Strain Theory (GST), introduced by sociologist Robert Agnew in (Cernkovich, Giordano, Rudolph, ), focuses on the individu.
The General Strain Theory - Proposed Topic Exploring the role of negative emotions among murderers in a population of federal offenders: the General Strain Theory Introduction The General Strain Theory (GST) states that people who commit crimes are pressured into them by negative emotions that result from a variety of life strains.
General strain theory sprang from the standard strain theory developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries (Agnew, ).
Up until the wane of the ’s, strain theory had become the preeminent theory on deviance. Agnew's Strain Theory. The general strain theory, created by Robert Agnew, was an explanation of why individuals respond to stress and strain with crime.
Also the general strain theory also states that strain leads to delinquency. Strain is a result of failure to succeed at the goals set by society/5(1).
In conclusion, Agnew’s General Strain Theory, suggests that strain leads to anger, and anger leads to deviance. There are several causes of strain that produce deviance: the failure to achieve positively valued goals, the loss of positive stimuli, and the introduction of negative stimuli.